To protect users, the process chamber is automatically opened and the chuck is raised - presenting the substrate for easier and safer unloading. This eliminates any possible contact between the operator and possibly chemically contaminated surfaces. Both manual and automatic chamber rinse/flush sequences can be programmed, allowing all contaminated surfaces to easily be neutralized - even after a power failure. The automatic chemical supply system and the drain/extract / exhaust are integrated into the system to ensure fail-safe operation. Purged labyrinth seals, monitored safety interlocks, alarm sensors, vacuum monitoring, spin motor overload protection and emergency switch ensure the highest safety standards. is powered by -